Szare Szeregi

Grey Rows was it is an occupation code name of the Connection of the Polish Scouting, which during 5 years of the German occupation (1939-1944) had to fight with torturers of the population of Poland. Rows, as well as underground other organisations, had their commander-in-chiefs. Florian Marciniak „Nowak” was the first commander of grey Rows , Stanisław Broniewski „Orsza” was a next commander which the this obligation performed for the fall of the Warsaw coming into existence. After the fall of this coming into existence Leon Marszałek „Adam” became a commander-in-chief which performed this service for solving Grey Rows (18 I 1945).
Rows were divided into age groups. They were the first division Zawisza (Z) which consisted of children at the age of 12-14. Boys didn’t participate in direct action against invader. Zawisza were trained in the contact and the rescue. Battle Schools („BS”) were the second age group which consisted of young people at the age of 15-18. In BS military training courses were being conducted. Boy scouts of Battle Schools were an active share overcome in the fight against invader as part of Little Sabotage Wawer. Writing out inscriptions on walls was their purpose, painting pictures of the sign of the anchor – sign of fighting Poland, turtle – meaning „slowly work”. Apart from writing out inscriptions boys gassed cinemas, broke German flags, and during Polish national holidays displayed Polish flags. They performed these activities as part of the N action so that the Polish and German population remembered that Poland is still existing and is fighting. Units of storm troops were the third perpendicular of Grey Rows („GS”), was these are young people above 18 of year of age. They were GS allocated to the current fight against invader by sabotage, train and personal sabotage. An action was the first action of this battalion „wilanowska” which was taken at night from 26 on 27 September 1943. In this action boys were supposed to attack the building of the gendarmerie and the group of German pilots putting the palace up wilanowskim so that they cannot attack Polish armies which performed the parallel lasting action repressive and retaliatory exercised by JAN Special Branch (OSJAN). To commence the action had an explosion of the telephone pole. About 22:00 to the order „Giewont” a pole was set with, but not all squads occupied their home positions, what the action protracted longer by. During this action battalion Zośka lost 5 brave boys, and 7 was injured. With next action battalion Zośka there was an action „JULA”. This action was conducted at night from 5/6 April 1944. A railway bridge was a purpose of the battalion on Wisłok beneath the station Tryńcz, as well as train culvert by the station Rogoźno. Both purposes were dropped off. With final bigger share Zośka before the operation „Storm” freeing 15 Pawiaka prisoners staying Jan Boży at the hospital was (29 VI 1944).
More late fates of members of Grey Rows don’t actually differ from fates of the rest of their generation. The ones which survived the Warsaw uprising, largely seriously injured – on their return from the German captivity, in years filled communist imprisonments with 1945-1956. Some paid with their life for it. The part didn’t come back to Poland, deciding to stay in the West.

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